Originally for the permanent burial of US servicemen who died in the Pacific during World War II, the cemetery now contains the remains of those who died in the Pacific more recently, in combat or in peace.
The figure of the woman is Lady Columbia. The first use of Lady Columbia as a mythical figure not in reference to America appears to by by Phillis Wheatley in her poetry written during the American Revolutionary War. In this monument, Columbia holds a laurel branch in her left hand, and her right gestures toward the inscription, "The solemn pride that must be yours to have laid so costly a sacrifice upon the altar of freedom." (This is a quote from the famous letter to Mrs. Bixby.)
Dr. Matsuoka was born in Olaa, Hawaii. He received his medical degree in 1941, and he was a battlefront surgeon who received the Bronze Star for his part in the Battle of the Bulge. The symbol above his name is of the United Methodist Church.